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Everything you need to know about knee pain .. And what solutions it may offer YOU.


Knee pain is a relatively common complaint that may be caused by a number of conditions and circumstances. In many cases, knee pain is the result of strain, overuse, or poor leg biomechanics. However, knee pain can also be caused by underlying conditions affecting certain parts of the foot or leg. When this occurs, the underlying condition must be treated to restore proper alignment and functioning. Medical professionals such as Physiotherapists and orthopedic doctors will work to identify potential causes of knee pain to design and implement an appropriate knee pain treatment.

There are many different kinds of knee pain:

  • Meniscus Tear
  • Patello femoral Knee Pain
  • Hamstring Tears
  • Lateral Knee Pain or Distal IT Band Syndrome
  • Knee Osteoarthritis
  • Patellar Tendinitis (Runner’s Knee)

How Can a Physiotherapist Help Treat knee pain?

After a comprehensive evaluation, your therapist will analyze the findings and prescribe an exercise and rehabilitation program just for you. Your program may include:

  • Strengthening exercises targeted at the hip (specifically the abductor and rotator muscles of the buttock and thigh), the knee (specifically the quadriceps femoris muscle, which is located on the front of your thigh and straightens your knee), and the ankle
  • Stretching exercises for the muscles of the hip, knee, and ankle
  • Taping of the patella to reduce pain and retrain muscles to work efficiently
  • Exercises for improving your performance of activities that have become difficult for you

If the alignment and position of your foot and arch appear to be contributing to your knee pain, your Physiotherapist may fit you with a special shoe insert called an orthosis. The orthosis can decrease the stress to your knee caused by excessive rotation or impact during walking and running.

If your pain is persistent, your Physiotherapist may:

  • Have you try a lightweight brace
  • Use pain-reducing treatments such as electrical stimulation
  • Recommend that you apply ice or heat at home for relief


Your Physiotherapist will work with you to help you stay active and maintain your fitness level. You may need to modify your activity level or change your training activities until you recover; your therapist will show you how to do activities and exercises that will not increase your pain. Most important, your therapist can make recommendations to help prevent PFPS from returning.

Can knee pain be Prevented?

PFPS is much easier to treat if it is caught early. Report the first signs of knee pain to your Physiotherapist. Early treatment by a Physiotherapist may help stop the underlying problem before it gets worse. Your Physiotherapist also can help you adjust your daily activities and teach you exercises to do at home to strengthen your muscles and bones and help prevent PFPS from recurring.